Tips and Ideas for Photographing Eyes

The eyes are the window to the soul. 

Our eyes, as with the eyes of all living creatures, are reflections of the life and intelligence existing within.  

When photographing living things, particular attention should be paid to the eyes of the subject. 

Placing the eyes in good focus, capturing the light and reflected light in the eyes, and allowing space within the frame or composition for the direction or gaze of the eyes, are all important aspects of a successful composition containing a living subject. 

Use basic photography techniques when photographing eyes. You want to compose each picture to maximize interest for the viewer.

We’ll show you tips and techniques to use when capturing images of subjects with eyes.

Use the photo ideas below to inspire you to get out and take your own pictures with a focus on the eyes!

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CAMERA GEAR FOR LANDSCAPE PHOTOGRAPHY

We use a Camera Gear Checklist to help us pack all the equipment we need – that way we don’t forget anything!

We recommend the following camera equipment for taking landscape photos:

1. Camera: You probably already have one, but if you’re looking for something new  → check out the compact travel cameras we recommend!

2. Tripod: Using a tripod is something we’ll always recommend. There are many compact and lightweight travel tripods we recommend!

3. Camera Bag: Protecting your camera from sand and water is essential. Using a camera backpack is so nice for hiking too.  → We use Lowepro camera backpacks for outdoor photography.

4. Neutral density filter: There can be extreme differences in light when taking landscape pictures. To compensate for this variance of light you’ll need to use a neutral density filter.  → Check out the Kase magnetic filters we use!

5. Camera cleaning kit: You’ll want a field cleaning kit to remove dust or water that WILL get on your lens. NOTE: this is not for cleaning the sensor.  → This is the camera cleaning kit we use!

6. Memory cards: Purchase name brand memory cards since you’re trusting your images to the card!  → We use Lexar and Sandisk!

7. External hard drive: Don’t forget to copy the photos to a portable external hard drive ‘just in case’.  → Check out these awesome portable external hard drives

8. Headlamp: For the best sunrise shots, you want to arrive at your designated location well before the sun rises. Most of the time this means total darkness. Use a flashlight or headlamp to light your way from the parking lot to your spot. Wearing a headlamp allows you to set up your equipment without having to hold a flashlight. Remember to use the red light setting and keep the beam pointed on the ground in front of you to avoid disrupting other photographers in the area taking long exposure shots. → Check out these headlamps with the red light!

Photographing Eyes: Photo Ideas

Take a look at the photo ideas for EYES shared by members of our Facebook Group, Your Photography Journey.

WATCH the video as we discuss compositional elements in each image.

Photographing Eyes: Tips and Ideas

Take a look at these awesome photos with emphasis on the eyes.

Use the tips and ideas for inspiration to get out and take your own eye photos!

Rule of Thirds

Denise Thomason has placed the eyes of her subject strategically within the composition utilizing the rule of thirds

If you imagine a tic-tac-toe board overlaid on the photo, the far right line falls nicely where the eyes are in the photo.

Using the rule of thirds to set the eyes of the subject off center, immediately captures the attention of the viewer. 

Lisa Mason also used the rule of thirds in this fantastic capture of a very interesting pair of eyes. 

The owl is placed off center and along the intersecting lines of that rule of thirds grid. The low perspective also helps to draw focus and attention for the viewer. 

The background and environment around the owl are nicely blended to add structure balance to the image without detracting from the subject.

Space and Direction

Stephen Nesbit illustrates very well the concept of composing a photo with space and direction from the eyes to travel through the scene.

The man is gazing to the left so placing him on the right part of the image allows room and direction for his focus to travel from right to left. 

For the viewer there is space within the frame to follow the subject’s gaze and spark imagination.

In this photo by William Holmes, he has composed the subject to accommodate the gaze and focus in a more subtle manner. 

The woman is gazing ahead and a bit to the right. For the viewer, this creates an inclination to want to look over the shoulder to see what she’s looking at.

Anything that prompts the viewer to react in that way is a good thing – it’s providing impact!

Catchlight

Catchlight is a term referring to the reflected light caught in the eyes from the environment. 

Eyes have a reflective surface and, when exposed to any light in the environment of the subject, will reflect some portion of that light.

Catchlight is a defining characteristic of eyes.  

Daphne Brislin has beautifully illustrated the power of catchlight in an image of a living subject. 

In her photograph we see clearly the light reflected in the eyes of the subject and immediately feel a sense of life and intelligence in the shot. 

She has also applied the rule of thirds in filling the frame with the subject’s face and placing the eyes off center and high within the composition. 

Tony Kendrick’s captivating shot of a cat with very interesting eyes also shows us the impact of catchlight in an image. 

The subtle reflected light in the eyes of the subject powerfully conveys a sense of life and intelligence, and enhances the emotion of the image. 

Getting close to your subject is a tip we recommend when photographing wildlife and pets!

Expression

Eyes are incredibly expressive, hence the connotation of being the window to the soul. 

Composing a photograph to deliver a specific emotional message to viewers is a great way to use eyes in photography.  

This awesome shot by Lisa Mason immediately conveys an emotional expression to the viewer. 

We also see the rule of thirds applied with the eyes along the top grid line.

When you see a photo that displays emotion, it draws attention and prompts the viewer to make a personal connection to that emotion. 

Marilyn Switzer is incredibly successful in delivering an emotional message in this powerful shot. 

The eyes draw you right in and you respond by relating that look to personal experience.

Using the technique to fill the frame also helps direct the viewer to the girl’s eyes.

Depth of Field

What an awesome capture this is by Mike Heath. He has utilized depth of field very artfully in his image of two leopards taken at a zoo. 

The depth of field in the photograph places the front leopard in tack sharp focus. The rear leopard is placed just slightly out of focus but is sharp enough to convey all the detail necessary to deliver the beauty and character of the individual creature. 

The background is blurred into a nice bokeh. 

Mike’s skillful use of depth of field provides a 3D effect in the image. It draws the eye of the viewer immediately to the front leopard to then travel to the leopard just behind the first. 

Get Close

One way to provide immediate impact is to get close … and even closer if you can!

Martine Wooning got close to her subject and filled the frame so there’s no mistake the focus is the eyes.

Note the effect of catchlight, expression and emotion are made even more apparent when you get close to the subject!

Were you inspired by these photos?

Every week in our Facebook group (Your Photography Journey), we have a challenge that focuses on an element of composition. Understanding these simple elements will help you improve your photography skills!

→ DOWNLOAD our 52 Week Photography Challenge List!

We also do live video Photo Reviews each week to discuss compositional elements on the photos group members want us to review, similar to the video we included in this article.

Our group members find the reviews very helpful – see what they have to say! We’d love to have you join us!

join free photography group

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