Located in southeastern Utah, visiting Canyonlands National Park is a must if you’re an outdoor enthusiast looking to escape the chaos of the city.
Known for its diverse and dynamic desert landscape, Canyonlands provides visitors with a fantastic assortment of hiking, backpacking, river rafting, photography and camping opportunities that are only amplified by the natural beauty of this amazing national park. You should definitely add Canyonlands to your list of must-see US National Parks.
Within this 337,598 acre park, visitors will find exquisite natural canyons, arches, fins, buttes, mesas, and spires that have all been carved out by the awe-inspiring power of the Green and Colorado Rivers. Because of these two rivers and their natural flow pattern through the park, Canyonlands has been further subdivided into four unique districts. These districts are known as Island in the Sky, The Needles, The Maze, and The Rivers (the Colorado and Green Rivers). Each of these amazing areas has a distinct natural landscape that is worth visiting.
Because Dave and I have been able to explore some of the most awe-inspiring natural landscapes that Canyonlands has to offer, we want to share our expert tips with you to help you plan the perfect trip to Canyonlands National Park.
We have written this ultimate guide to Canyonlands National Park that includes:
- Canyonlands basic information
- How to get to Canyonlands National Park
- What to pack for a trip to Canyonlands
- Where to stay at Canyonlands
- Things to do at Canyonlands
Our goal is to make visiting Canyonlands easier so that you can begin to fall in love with this park, just like we did.
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What to Pack for Canyonlands
To make your trip to Canyonlands National Park as successful as possible, it’s essential to be prepared and pack for the weather that you’ll likely encounter while exploring the park.
1. Hiking Shoes: Avoid injury from improper footwear. Wear sturdy shoes with ample tread.
2. Darn Tough Socks: Seriously, these are the BEST socks ever. They help prevent blisters, keep your feet dry, and last forever.
3. Water: Due to the high desert and altitude in Southeastern Utah, you should drink at least one gallon of water per day, and always carry water with you during all hiking activities (water is available at the Visitor Center).
4. Food: Pack and eat plenty of healthy snacks and food. There are NO services at or near Needles Canyonlands.
5. Lip Balm and Lotion: Utah’s high elevation and dry air can be hard on your skin. You’ll want to carry lip balm with sunscreen and hydrating lotion to apply as needed when you’re out exploring the trails.
Clothing for a Trip to Canyonlands
Summer at Canyonlands: Soaring temperatures, unrelenting sunlight, and low humidity. To keep cool, wear light colored, loose fitting clothing that does not absorb sunlight. Also avoid sun burn by wearing a wide brimmed hat and by generously applying sunscreen to any parts of your body that are exposed to the sun.
Winter at Canyonlands: Wear the right clothing to stay dry and warm. You can also become dehydrated in the cold as it is in the heat. It’s important to carry plenty of water during the winter, and not just during the summer.
National Parks Pass
Before you visit Canyonlands National Park be sure to pack your The America the Beautiful Annual Pass.
Other items to pack for Canyonlands:
- US national parks packing list
- Fleece jacket
- Buff headbands
- Hand sanitizer
- Flashlight or headlamp
- First aid kit
- Insect repellent
- Camera gear
But above all else, always make sure to carry enough food, water, and other essentials since Canyonlands is a remote park with few services and sources of water.
Where to Stay near Canyonlands
Hotels and Vacation Rentals Near Canyonlands
There are all types of lodging in and near Moab, as well as a variety of restaurants and places to shop. → Check out where we like to stay in Moab!
Visiting Canyonlands National Park – The Basics
The Four Districts
Canyonlands is subdivided, along the Green and Colorado Rivers, into four unique districts, that are known as The Needles, The Maze, Island in the Sky, and The Rivers.
Of all the districts in Canyonlands National Park, we recommend visiting Island in the Sky because it’s the most accessible and offers fantastic, panoramic views of the park along the scenic drive. Take a short side trip to visit Dead Horse Point State Park neart the entrance to Island in the Sky. It is a must-see location!
In contrast, when you visit The Needles Canyonlands, you’ll experience a remote, backcountry experience with an assortment of natural geologic formations that can only be reached by using one of the many Canyonlands hiking trails or four-wheel driving trails.
Then there is The Maze, the most remote of all of the Canyonlands districts. That’s why a visit here requires a bit more time and self-reliance to explore all the fascinating natural formations in this area, like the Orange Cliffs. The nearby Horseshoe Canyon Unit, which sits just northwest of The Maze and is a common day-use area where guests can see a wide array of amazing, American Indian rock art panels.
Lastly, enjoy The Rivers with a calm flat water trip on the Green or Colorado rivers or a more thrilling whitewater river rafting trip in Cataract Canyon. The river adventures are unique ways to experience Canyonlands and usually involve two or more days of boating.
When to Visit Canyonlands National Park
We think the best time to visit Canyonlands National Park is either in the spring, between April and May, or in the fall, between mid-September and October, when temperatures in the park are at their most moderate. Summer is hot with no shade atop the mesa. Winter is a wonderful time to visit, but you need to monitor the Canyonlands website for updated closures.
Canyonlands National Park Operating Hours
Canyonlands National Park is open 24 hours a day, 365 days a year, with some facilities, like many visitor centers and campgrounds, closing for the winter season.
Check the Canyonlands National Park website for updated Visitor Center hours of operation.
Canyonlands National Park Fees
There are a variety of passes available to visit Canyonlands. Check the website for the most current fee prices and information.
BUDGET TRAVEL TIP: If you’ll be visiting nearby Arches National Park, or other Utah parks, we recommend getting the US National Park pass. (Did you know when you buy the National Parks Pass from REI, they donate 10% to the National Park Foundation?)
Canyonlands National Park Weather
Canyonlands National Park sits on the Colorado Plateau and is characterized as a “high desert” region. As such, this area experiences extreme temperature fluctuations, sometimes over 40 degrees, within a day.
The most temperate seasons at the park are spring (April-May) and fall (mid-September-October), when highs are between 60 and 80 F and lows are between 30 to 50 F.
In contrast, summer temperatures routinely exceed 100 F, making strenuous hiking and backpacking incredibly difficult. Similarly, winters are extremely cold with highs between 30 and 50 F and lows between 0 and 20 F, making staying warm outdoors extremely challenging.
Canyonlands National Park Pets Policy
Pets are welcome to visit Canyonlands National Park and are permitted at the Willow Flat campgrounds in Island of the Sky, Squaw Flat campgrounds in The Needles, along paved scenic drives and parking lots, and on the Potash/Shafer Canyon Road between Moab and Island in the Sky.
In contrast, pets are not allowed at overlooks, along hiking trails, anywhere in the backcountry, on rivers, and on backcountry roads, even if riding in a vehicle.
Also, always remember that the desert can be a very dangerous place for pets since car temperatures can escalate quickly and result in heat exhaustion.
Canyonlands National Park Goods and Services
Because Canyonlands is a remote and rugged place, there is no lodging (except several campgrounds), food, or gas services available in the park. However, you can find a range of full services in several nearby towns, like Moab.
That being said, it’s always important to pack everything you’ll need for your visit to Canyonlands since water is only available at the Island in the Sky Visitor Center (except during the winter), and at The Needles Visitor Center.
The Island in the Sky and The Needles Visitor Centers do offer guests public, unsecured WIFI.
Extremely limited call phone service is also available within the Island in the Sky Visitor Center, at scenic drive locations where the La Sal Mountains are visible, along the east side of the White Rim Road, and along the Orange Cliffs Mesa where the La Sal Mountains are visible.
Getting to Canyonlands
From Grand Junction, Colorado, take I-70 west and follow the highway until Thompson Springs. Take exit 182 and follow US-191 south towards Moab. Continue along US-191 until you reach UT-313 and turn right. It should take an hour and 53 minutes and cover 121 miles.
From Salt Lake City, Utah, take I-15 south until exit 257 B-A for US-6 East. Continue on US-6 East and merge onto I-70 East. Take exit 182 onto US-191 south towards Moab. Continue along US-191 until you reach UT-313 and turn right. It should take under 4 hours to drive 242 miles.
Things to Do at Canyonlands
Island in the Sky
The Island in the Sky is the easiest district to visit in a short amount of time since there are a ton of pull outs here that sit along a well paved, scenic drive that offers visitors spectacular views of sheer, sandstone cliffs that give this region its unique landscape.
Area highlights include:
Mesa Arch – a popular and easy, 30-minute hike along the loop Mesa Arch Trail, to a magnificent natural arch near the edge of a sheer cliff face. You’ll also be able to spot the famous Washer Woman here, through the crest of the arch.
Grand View Point – A stop along the famous, Island in the Sky scenic drive and a fantastic place to see the majestic White Rim as well as The Maze, and The Needles.
A short, 300 foot, paved sidewalk also leads to a spectacular viewpoint. Just beyond this paved platform, you can find a trail that will lead you down a stone staircase and towards a second viewpoint that is just 2 miles away.
Green River Overlook – From here, visitors can enjoy breathtaking views of the surrounding canyonlands and the majestic Green River, a view that extends out for hundreds of miles in every direction.
Buck Canyon Overlook – A wheelchair accessible overlook that offers incredible views of enormous, 1,000 foot tall, sheer cliffs that form the mesa. From here, you can also see the cracked sandstone along the bottom of the canyon, the iconic Washer Woman rock formation, and even the La Salle mountains.
Aztec Butte – A fun but steep and challenging, 2 mile long, Canyonlands hike that takes roughly 1.5 hours to complete and culminates in expensive views of the surrounding area.
White Rim Road – A 100-mile long, dirt road that sits at the bottom of the canyon and runs around the Island in the Sky mesa top.Those with a high clearance/4WD vehicle can also drive along the Shafer Trail to the White Rim Road and visit Musselman Arch and the Colorado River Gooseneck.
Murphy Point Trail – An easy, 3.6 mile Canyonlands hike that takes two hours to complete and leads guests past historic corrals, and culminates in fantastic, panoramic views of the surrounding area.
Upheaval Dome – A moderately difficult hike with two different viewpoints for you to explore. The first viewpoint is a 1 mile away from the trailhead and takes only 30 minutes to get to. The second viewpoint adds another mile to your hike and takes you past some of the area’s most beautiful natural landscapes in the area.
Whale Rock – An intermediate level, 1-mile long hike that takes about an hour to complete. At the end of the trail, you’ll find stunning views of Upheaval Dome and the surrounding area.
Neck Spring – This strenuous, 5.8 mile loop trail can take between 3 and 4 hours to complete and takes you past some historic ranching features and two lovely seep springs.
Gooseberry Canyon – A difficult, 5.4 mile long trail that begins at White Rim Overlook and leads you out into Gooseberry Canyon.
Syncline Loop – A challenging, 8.3 mile hike that takes you through the many canyons surrounding Upheaval Dome.
Murphy Loop – A 10.8 mile long trail that takes between 5 and 7 hours to complete. Along the Murphy Loop, hikers descend into a canyon, cross hogback along White Rim Road, and then return via a rocky wash.
Alcove Spring – This 11.2 mile Canyonlands hike takes between 6 and 7 hours to complete and takes visitors past a large alcove and through a wide canyon where guests can enjoy the beauty of Moses and Zeus Towers.
Wilhite Canyon – A 12.2 mile long trail where you descend along steep switchbacks, into a rocky wash, and then return along a 1,600 foot elevation change.
Lathrop Canyon – An arduous, overnight hike that is 21.6 miles long and descends from the Mesa top, into the Colorado River, and back, along rocky washes and a 4WD road.
Needles Canyonlands features amazing natural landscape that is filled with brilliantly colored spires of Cedar Mesa sandstone that will astound anyone who visits this section of the park. This section of Canyonlands National Park is 40 miles south of Moab.
If you are looking for adventurous things to do to get away from the crowds, then you should visit Needles Canyonlands.
Area highlights include:
Newspaper Rock – Technically, Newspaper Rock isn’t part of Canyonlands National Park but is actually a Utah State Historic Monument that you pass while driving to The Needles. However, a stop here is must so that you can see amazing rock panels filled with petroglyphs that are almost 2,000 years old!
Roadside Ruin – An easy, 0.25 mile long loop trail that takes 45 minutes to complete. Along the way you’ll see an 800 year old, Pueblan-era granary that is tucked beneath a charming rock overhang.
Cave Spring Trail – A quick and easy, loop trail that takes between 30 and 90 minutes to complete. You’ll also find an abandoned cowboy camp and ancient pictographs along the way.
Elephant Hill Road – Drive along Elephant Hill Road to get a good view of the needles formations from the top of the hill.
Pothole Point Trail – Pothole Point trail is a short, 0.6 mile loop that takes anywhere between 30 and 60 minutes to complete and culminates in fantastic views of the many Needles formations in the area.
Slickrock – This 2.4 mile trail takes 2 hours to complete, takes you across uneven surfaces, and gives you fantastic panoramic views of the area.
Big Spring to Squaw Canyon – This 7.5 mile trail takes between 3 and 4 hours to complete, and offers guests 2 backpacking sites that both offer water availability seasonally.
Squaw Canyon to Lost Canyon – This 8.6 mile trail takes between 4 and 6 hours to complete, leads you deep within the canyon, and has 3 backpacking sites with seasonal water availability.
Confluence Overlook – A 10 mile trail that takes between 5 and 6 hours to complete, and leads to a beautiful cliff that overlooks the joining of the Green and Colorado Rivers.
Peekaboo – This 10 mile trail that takes between 5 and 6 hours to complete, and has two ladders that must be climbed. One 4 wheel drive campsite is at the end of the trail and has seasonal water availability.
Chester Park/Joint Trail – An 11 mile long trail that takes between 5 and 7 hours to complete. This hike also has 5 backpacking sites (no water) along the way, and culminates in exquisite views of the surrounding desert grasses and colorful sandstone spires.
Druid Arch – A difficult, 11 mile trail that takes between 5 and 7 hours to complete.This Canyonlands hike also has 3 backpacking sites along the way with water available seasonally.
Lower Red Lake Canyon – A multi-day, 18.8 mile long trail that involves a strenuous hike in and out of the Grabens, as well as a steep descent into the river.
Salt Creek Canyon – A multi-day, 22.5 mile hike that begins at Cathedral Butte and then cosely follows the river drainage. Along the way, you’ll see many arches and archeological sites, in addition to 4 designated campsites in the upper section.
The Maze district of Canyonlands is the least accessible due to its remote location and the difficulty of roads and trails there.
You must be prepared for self-sufficiency and the proper equipment or gear for self-rescue.
Area highlights include:
Horseshoe Canyon – One of the most popular hiking trails in The Maze, Horseshoe Canyon is known for having some of the most significant pieces of rock art in all of North America.
However, along this popular Canyonlands hiking trail, you’ll find a fantastic assortment of wildflowers, sheer sandstone walls, and cottonwood groves that sit along the stream at the bottom of the canyon.
The trail to The Great Gallery is 7 miles long and will take approximately 5 hours (or more) to complete. As you continue your hike, be prepared for uneven terrain, deep rocky areas, and thick sand, Also, make sure to pack your own water (1 gallon per person) and remember that pets are not allowed on this trail.
The only camping in the area can be done at the West Rim trailhead, where there is a vault toilet but no running water.
Because The Maze is so remote, all other trails are overnight, backpacking trails that require a permit and include:
The Maze Overlook Trail – This route through The Maze requires basic climbing maneuvers to navigate sections of steep slickrock and pour-offs. The aid of a rope is often essential for raising or lowering packs in difficult spots. Therefore, this trail is not advised for anyone with a fear of heights.
Visitors with two-wheel-drive vehicles can park at the North Point Road junction, and hike 15 miles to the Maze Overlook. Depending on the vehicle, hikers may also be able to drive the 14-mile road to park at the top of the Flint Trail switchbacks.
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Photography at Canyonlands
Canyonlands provides stunning landscape scenes to photograph. The main subject of the photos here is the rock formations and vast canyons seen from the overlooks.
“The use of unmanned aircraft (DRONES) is prohibited to protect public safety, minimize visitor-use conflicts, and prevent unacceptable impacts to scenic values, natural soundscapes, and wildlife.”
Some of our favorite photo spots at Canyonlands Island in the Sky:
Mesa Arch at sunrise
Grand View Point at sunrise
Green River Overlook at sunset
Buck Canyon Overlook late afternoon
Aztec Butte ruins
More favorite photo spots at Needles Canyonlands:
Needles spires along Elephant Hill Road
Needles spires in Chesler Park
Colorado River Overlook
Canyonlands Ranger Led Programs
If you want to learn more about the natural and cultural resources at Canyonlands National Park, we recommend you join a ranger for a talk, hike, or evening program.
Schedules and times vary, so please check locally at visitor centers and campground bulletin boards for current listings.
At Island in the Sky, rangers conduct daily programs throughout the spring and fall, which include talks at the visitor center as well as trips to nearby overlooks. The stargazing program is also available, but rotates with Arches and Dead Horse Point.
In The Needles, evening stargazing programs are offered most nights throughout the spring and fall.
At The Maze, Ranger led guided walks are conducted through Horseshoe Canyon during the spring and fall. These guided walks are strenuous, 7 mile hikes that take anywhere between 4 and 6 hours to complete. Therefore, participants need to pack a lunch, a gallon of water per person, and any other necessary hiking essentials.
Biking at Canyonlands
With hundreds of miles of trails to be explored, mountain biking at Canyonlands has become a popular activity over the years.
Bikers must remember to stay on designated roads at all times. Additionally, groups must camp in only designated sites (with a valid overnight permit), and bikers must always be aware of passing vehicles since there are no shoulders or bike lanes.
Riders must also have a day-use permit for trips along White Rim, Elephant Hill, Lavender Canyon, and Peekaboo/Horse Canyon. However, be aware of the fact that White Rim permits are incredibly popular. Therefore, a permit reservation should be made well in advance (you can reserve a White Rim permit up to 4 months in advance.
White Rim Road – This Island in the Sky trail loops around and beneath the Island in the Sky mesa top and provides amazing panoramic views of the surrounding landscape. Bicycle trips usually take between three and four days, with overnight and day-use permits are required.
Elephant Hill Road – This trail through The Needles is one of the most technical roads in Utah. Day-use and overnight permits are required and no water is available along the trail.
Colorado Overlook Trail – This road through The Needles is moderately difficult and can be a bit sandy for mountain bikes.
The Maze has bike terrain that is similar to, but a bit more technical than White Rim Road.
River Rafting at Canyonlands
The Colorado and Green Rivers dominate the landscape of Canyonlands National Park. Accordingly, seeing Canyonlands from one of these majestic rivers gives guests a unique perspective that is not to be missed.
Before any river rafting trip at Canyonlands, you must obtain a permit as they are required for all private, overnight trips and can be reserved no more than 4 months and no less than 2 days before your trip (you may need an additional permit for packrafting).
Head above the confluence of these two rivers and you will find calm, flat water that is perfect for canoeing and kayaking. Venture below the confluence and you’ll find a 14-mile stretch of III to V class rapids that are perfect for white water rafting.
You can also join a guided, white water rafting trip with a local company, many of whom provide visitors with an assortment of guided trips that range in length from a half day to several nights of camping.
Horseback Riding at Canyonlands
Packs and saddles for horses, mules, and burros may be taken throughout backcountry roads and into Horseshoe Canyon. However, a backcountry permit is required and all cross-country travel is prohibited, as well as the use of any other type of domesticated animal.
Please be aware that water is scarce throughout the Canyonlands since the park only has a few, reliable water sources that horses can use.
Guests can also apply for day-use permits which are free of charge and unlimited, except in Horse/Salt Creek and Lavender Canyons where permits are limited to 7 per day. All manure and feed must be removed from campsites prior to departure.
Check the NPS website for the latest information and fees for riding horses in Canyonlands.
Stargazing at Canyonlands
Throughout the spring, summer, and fall, a ranger-led stargazing program is conducted, around sunset, at Island in the Sky (programs rotate with Arches national Park and Dead Horse Point State Park). The program introduces visitors to the beauty of the night sky through stargazing and telescope viewing.
Visitors are encouraged to bring a chair or a blanket to sit on, as well as a headlamp with a red light or red flashlight (if you have one), and warm clothes.
Stargazing events at The Needles begin at the Visitors Center and include a night sky program, followed by telescope viewing.
In contrast, stargazing events at The Maze are occasional, throughout the spring and fall, and take place in either good weather or bad.
If you’re still reading this, then you are super serious about visiting Canyonlands!
We hope these travel tips help you to plan an amazing vacation to one of the United States’ top national parks.
You are more than welcome to CONTACT US if you have any questions about planning your trip. We love to help people enjoy their time at Canyonlands.